• The demolition of Grozny's old market, which was a meeting point for locals befit and during two wars in Chechnya, but did not survive the city's reconstruction.
  • Women wait to go through a metal detector at one of the entrances to downtown Grozny just before the Victory Day parade on May 9, 2010. An armoured personal carrier is parked outside.
  •  Boys watch the first legal street car race, which took place in Grozny in March 2012. Approximately 10 000 men attended.
  • A man attends Chechnya's first legal street car race carrying his gun, a favourite male accessory in Chechnya.
  • Toita Yunusova, a human rights activist who organizes sex education courses for schoolgirls in the mountainous villages of Chechnya, is one of the few women in the republic to drive a car herself
  •  Burning gas is seen through the fields in the outskirts of Grozny, in the area where most of the oil drills are concentrated. Rosneft, the powerful Russia's oil monopoly is believed to mastermind the end of the second war in Chechnya to get hold of republic's resources. The company has recently announced it is set to build a bran-new oil refinery in Chechnya. The estimated construction budget is $2.5 billion, which is more than the annual budget of the republic. Experts say the budget does not look realistic.
  • A private room in a restaurant in the outskirts of Grozny. Many restaurants have separated seating for different groups of visitors, who seek privacy while dining because of the official ban on alcohol in cafes and restaurants. The only legal place to drink alcohol is at the rooftop bar of Grozny City, a five-star hotel downtown.
  • Guests take pictures with the bride at a wedding ceremony.
  • A girl tries to get her cat off a roof of a terrace during a remembrance ceremony outside of Grozny
  • Rustem Abdrakhmanov (L) and Sergei Mazikov, members of Joint Mobile Group, are smoking outside an apartment block in Grozny during a blackout. Joint Mobile Group is currently the only NGO since the abduction of the prominent human rights activist Natalia Estemirova, which is investigating cases of kidnappings and torture in Chechnya.
  • Men belonging to the White Hats Sufi sect is attending Dhikr, a religious ceremony to praise Allah held at the funerals.
  • Ethnic Russian wrestlers, who moved to Grozny after promises of great sport perspectives by republic's leader Ramzan Kadyrov, train in a sport facility in downtown Grozny.
  •  Aset Borchashvili, 43, poses in the yard from where her son was seized by security forces. Unlike many others before, she is aware of his whereabouts. Her son, Yusup Ektumayev, is accused of participating in a terror attack and is awaiting trial in a detention centre. Mrs. Borchashvili claims that he was forced to confess under torture.
  • Apti Abdulayev, 23, preaches to his friends at a Grozny apartment. He tired various career paths, including a sports commentator, before turning to Islam.
  • Mairbeck Yunusov, a healer and exorcist at the government-sponsored Islamic Medical Center in Grozny. An aide to the warlord Shamil Basayev in wartime, he changed sides after getting disillusioned with rebel ideology.
  •  Roza Vakayeva, photographed in her room at the temporary housing facilities in the outskirts of Grozny.
  • During the parade celebrating the 65th anniversary of Soviet victory in World War II, Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov greets the widow of a policemen killed in clashes with rebels.
  • Young Chechen men visit the shooting gallery in the Grozny City shopping mall
  • Visitors of a semi-underground blues cafe in downtown Grozny watch a football game
  • A top-up machine in downtown Grozny, featuring republic leader Ramzan Kadyrov on the screen together with a local landmark, a globe saying "Grozny is the centre of the world". The text reads: "Happy birthday, Ramzan Akhmatovich (Kadyrov's patronymic)! Happy birthday, the city of Grozny!"
  • Students of the Islamic University in Grozny (men in the front, women in the back) listen to a lecture by a guest mullah from Jordan
  • Dukvakha Abdurakhmanov, the speaker of the Chechen parliament, is giving a floor to Ramzan Kadyrov on the Remeberance Day, marking the deportation of Chechens during Stalin's rule and killing of Kadyrov's father in the explosion in 2004
  • Satsita Tipaeva, a cleaning woman, sweeps specs of dust from the carpet laid out for the Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov before his arrival to the opening of the museum, dedicated to his late father
  • A choir of schoolgirls is singing a song dedicated to Akhmad Kadyrov, the father of the current Chechen leader. By the order of Ramzan Kadyrov, May 10 is the official Rememberance Day in Chechnya, both for deportation and for the death of his father. He couldn't make it May 9, when Kadyrov senior was actually killed, because Russia celebrates World War II victory on that day
  • A portrait of Ramzan Kadyrov on display in the hall of the concert hall in downtown Grozny
  • Youngsters look out of the window of the bar on the top floor of Chechnya's first five star hotel Grozny City.
  • Husein Vangashev, 23, in his bedroom with his nephew sleeping by his side. Husein was arrested and tortured in 2009 under the suspicion of being a rebel and given a suspended sentence for two years. He is handicapped and has no access to proper medical treatment.
  • Khassan Baiev, a legendary Chechen surgeon, famous for saving Shamil Basayev's life, is examining a child at a Grozny hospital. Mr. Baiev lives in Boston, USA and only comes to Grozny to work
  • Locals celebrate St. Valentine's Day (masked as "Family Day") in Grozny's first five-star hotel, Grozny-City, a 35-storey skyscraper, the only venue of its kind in the republic. Its rooftop bar is also the only place in the city where alcohol illegally sold.
  • Chechens reacting to the news about Tsarnaev brothers in Boston with instagrams
  • Ali, a member of Yug (South) battalion, one of the few so-called “ethnic” units manned exclusively by ethnic Chechens, is on duty in downtown Grozny the day before presidential elections in Russia
  • A gun that used to belong to a Chechen rebel during the wartime is on display at the republic's Ministry of Interior Museum
  • A performance in the Grozny concet hall. The scene is of  confrontaion between rebels and Chechens loyal to Moscow, working as policemen.
  • Women wave goodbye to their relatives who have just boarded the train leaving for Moscow
  • Women treat Zura Khatueva, 53, who fainted while holding her baby grandson. She lives in a dormitory for refugees that used to host students before the war, and then became one of the temporary housing facilities. Her neighbors claim that she is deprived of a proper medical assistance by the government
  • Vladimir Putin's election banners hang outside of the infamous Khanankala military base, which is now the main facility for Russian forces still stationed in Chechnya
  • A room in a Grozny hospital, where nurses rest between the operations
  • A woman rests after undergoing exorcism—the process of so-called expulsion of devils from a human body—practiced at The Islamic Medical Center in Grozny
  • Teenagers play with handguns while driving in a car in Tashkala Gardens, in the outskirts of Grozny, where they don't risk to be stopped by traffic police
  • A view of Khankala, an area outside of Grozny that hosts the infamous military base, from a passing train. As reported by witnesses, this site housed detention and torture facilities during the Chechen wars

Grozny Nine Cities Project